Paper: the most important craft material
Paper forms the basis for a lot of craft ideas and instructions. Artists and creative people love no other material so much. No wonder, because you can paint, glue, fold, cut, soak, punch holes and write on paper. The range of paper types is huge. It is available in various colours, sizes and thicknesses. To give you a brief insight into the world of paper, we have made a list of the most commonly used types of paper when doing crafts with children.
Office paper: ideal for paper aeroplanes
Simple white paper is called "office paper" because that is where it is most frequently used. But a sheet of white paper can be used perfectly even without a printer or copier. In just a few steps you can turn it into an aeroplane, a ship or the game "chatterbox".
It generally has a thickness of 80 g/sq m and the usual size is A4, i.e. 210 x 297 mm, but thicknesses of up to 200 g/sq m and sizes of up to 420 x 594 mm (A2) are available in stores. Most papers are made from wood-free pulp. Some are also made from 100% recycled paper.
Coloured, marbled and rainbow paper
Coloured paper: Single colour paper that is often available in a pack with a variety of colours. With a thickness of 80 g/sq m it is a thin paper that can be easily folded, cut or even torn. Coloured paper is great for making windmills, mobiles or paper mosaics.
In contrast to "coloured paper", "marbled paper" or "rainbow paper" is not a single colour, it is composed of a palette of colours in different shades from dark to light. Recycled boxes can be turned into gift boxes by covering them with rainbow paper.
Glossy and crepe paper
"Glossy paper" is, like coloured paper, generally a single colour, but due to its special coating is is shiny and not matt like normal coloured paper. Glossy paper is available in rolls in a range of different colours. Usually, the top side is red, blue, green, pink or silver and the bottom side is gold. If you fold glossy paper into a square or circle and cut into it in a few places, you can make shiny stars and ornaments.
"Crepe paper" has a special structure - it is elastic and can be easily twisted and moulded. Craft crepe paper is fairly thin and can be used by even the youngest artists in pre-school age. It can be used to make flowers, garlands or streamers in many colours, because crepe paper is available in multicoloured, single colours and even patterned. The little ones can make pictures by tearing off small pieces of the paper and crumpling it up. They can then stick the little balls of paper onto a pre-drawn picture for example.
Thick and very robust - craft paper
"Craft paper" is particularly robust as it has a thickness of 100 to 160 g/sq m, considerably thicker than normal paper. That is why it is called craft paper. Craft paper is available in a lot of colours. Unlike coloured paper that only has a coloured coating, craft paper is made from uniformly dyed pulp. The back and front are the same, and the edge are also the same colour as the surface of the paper.
It is ideal paper for crafts. It can be used to make window pictures, silhouettes, photo albums and much, much more. Because it is so thick and robust, you can also use it to make figures.
Thin and smooth: tissue paper
Everyone is familiar with "tissue paper" from the florists or from the last move, because this kind of paper is used regularly. But it can also be used to great effect in crafts. Tissue paper is a thin, transparent and soft kind of paper that is available in lots of colours. It is also often mixed up with transparent paper. However, it is a lot thinner and smoother. Kids really love using it for crafts. It is easy to tear and there is no need for scissors. Because it is transparent, it is ideal for making lanterns or lamps.